Bath salts are a collection of designer synthetic drugs with various scents. The name is derived from occasions where the bath salts were disguised as bath soaps. The bath salts, crystals, or powders often look like Epsom salts, however they differ chemically. Most bath salts contain large amounts of sodium chloride, which is typically used as an industrial preservative. Others contain a variety of chemicals including lavender, peppermint, geranium, and chamomile.
Some bath salts have chemical imbalances that cause a wide range of symptoms including anxiety, insomnia, depression, and panic attacks. The bath salt trend began in the United States and has spread into many European countries, but has become especially popular in the United Kingdom. The bath salt trend has caused a sharp increase in cases of high blood pressure. It is also commonly used as a way to counter flu symptoms. Many people who suffer from these symptoms have found relief by using bath salt.
Research conducted in various states suggests that bath salt may have a positive effect on behavior and substance abuse. In a recent study published by the American Psychological Association, the use of bath salt was shown to be associated with less behavior and substance abuse among college students. The use of bath salt was found to be associated with lower consumption of cigarettes, bars, and soda. It was also associated with a lower incidence of depression. This study is important because it reinforces the notion that behavioral problems among young adults are related to substance abuse.
Another positive finding is that bath salts reduce coughing and wheezing symptoms. MDPV, a drug typically used for the treatment of chronic bronchitis and coughs, has stimulant properties and has been found to reduce coughing and wheezing in laboratory animals. Because of this, MDPV is often prescribed for post-surgery patients suffering from post-operation symptoms of cough and colds. However, when administered topically, MDPV has no stimulant effect, making it particularly useful for the treatment of headaches. Unfortunately, overdose and overuse of bath salts can cause severe respiratory depression, which is often fatal.
One of the most common side effects of bath salt use is an increased risk of agitation, hallucinations, and delirium. Stills are more prevalent in people who are under stress or are anxious. Some individuals use bath salts to alleviate their symptoms of agitation, delirium, and anxiety. Individuals who are taking medications to treat depression may experience further depression after they stop the bath salt treatments. This is because some medications such as monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) are affected by bath salt use.
Certain drugs, such as cocaine, amphetamines, barbiturates, and sedatives, may become less effective when bath salt is used. The bath salts contain synthetic cathinones, which are closely related to the hormones produced by the body but which are stronger and produce a more powerful reaction than those produced by the body. Several bath salts contain bathosides, which act as a tranquilizing agent, and bathoside is often mixed with synthetic cathinones to increase its effect.
Although bath salt is thought to be safe when used by adults, it is not known if it is safe when used by children. Children who are extremely sensitive to synthetic cathinones or whose brains have not developed fully may be at a greater risk of experiencing severe psychiatric symptoms after regularly using bath salts. Also, bath salts can interact with other drugs such as stimulants, depressants, tranquilizers, and other anti-anxiety medications.
In high doses, bath salts can cause hallucinations, delirium, and coma if taken in large quantities. The cathinone family is of interest to medical professionals because of its close relationship to heart disease. Therefore, bath salts, even at low concentrations, should be avoided by people taking certain medications or who have a history of drug use or depression.